The unusual variety of ecosystems packed in this small stretch of land accounts for an astounding biodiversity –the largest in the world proportional to country size. Riding along what once was considered “the most difficult railway in the world” and now is acknowledged as “The Leading Luxury Train in South America” join us in the journey of a lifetime, following in the footsteps of the greatest travelers, scientists and explorers of the past.
Ecuador boasts a true treasure trove of diversity. Here it is possible to find more than 17000 types of vascular plants, 10% of the world’s total, and 60% of orchids found in South America, 40% of which are endemic to Ecuador. And even the smallest orchid in the world, barely 2.1 millimeters in size.
Ecuador is home to some 1600 species of birds –including some 130 types of hummingbirds that can be found from sea level to the Andean heights. Adding the 38 endemic birds found in the Galapagos, Ecuador accounts for more than half the bird species in South America.
To date, 350 species of reptiles and 400 types of amphibians, including 10% of all types of frogs in the world can be found in Ecuador.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT ECUADOR
The variety of ecosystems in Ecuador allows for an amazing biodiversity, the largest in the world proportional to country size. Cloud forests and tropical plantations, colonial architecture, indigenous markets, vibrant cities, endless beaches, mountain landscapes compete for the visitor’s attention.